Roman and visigodos rest, make think that before medioevo this beautiful locality lusa existed the maps. one knows that after the conquest to the Arabs, D.Alfonso III it grants leasehold rights to him, that united to later privileges, they went granting to the villa a greater rank throughout history.
Dukes de Braganza fixed here one of their main lots and enriched the city of considerable form, beautyful monuments and attracting the nobility, the clergy and the commerce,
Inheritance of this glorious past, is one of the huge seats but of all Portugal. Do Terreiro treats do Paço, in which they emphasize among other monuments and noble buildings the magestuoso Ducalla Palace Real Chapel and the Gardens do Paço. Presiding over this singular one it nails an imposing ecuestre statue of of king D. Juan IV. Distributed by all urban geography sumptuous churches and recoletos convents, they give a special atmosphere to Vila Viçosa.
Its proximity to the border made him comprise of the fortified lines that defended it throughout the history of the attacks of Castile. All the zone, is laid out of castles and medieval strengths, that went later adapting to the new techniques of the war. Like other near localities, it both received great strategic importance in the successory fights between neighboring countries, War of Restoration of Portugal and Guerra de Spanish Sucesión, situation that was repeated during the years that lasted the Peninsular wars of Independence caused by the French invasion.
Today, when the times as much have changed, the industries of the marble and the wine give life, next to the tourism, to this calm and radiating villa of the Alentejo Stop.
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