THE ARABIC FORTRESS    

The Alcazaba that today dominates the city of Badajoz, is the result of the successive actions that throughout the ages were carried out in defensive matters, from the primitive fortified enclosure of the city. The opiginal defense raised by Ibn Marwan in the year 875, was smaller than the construction that came to this day. Possibly it was extended in the Aftasi period and later reinforced during the dominations of Almoravids and Almohads.

The archaeological works that have been carried out on the occasion of the restoration of the monument, as they attest. As a result, doors, towers and even other enclosures buried or absorbed after successive extensions and reforms have appeared.

Already in the aftásida period, the citadel expanded outside the citadel, first towards the Rivillas (Eastern Arrabal) and later towards the east and the south. When King Alfonso IX of León, conquered Badajoz, it already had defenses whose limits came to coincide with those of the current historical center. The so-called "Cerca Vieja", flanked by numerous albarrana towers, was the limit of the city years before the Leonese conquest, and on it rose in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries bastioned fortification.

alcazaba desde san cristobal
alcazaba desde el norte
reflejada en el rio
Ibn Marwan wished to raise his city on the nearby Cerro de la Orinaza on the other side of the Guadiana, where the Fort of San Cristóbal was later built. But the Cordovan authorities did not allow it, because that position was better defended from the attacks from the south. The new fortress had a privileged strategic location, giving Badajoz a major importance in the control of the borders between Al-Alandalus and the Christian kingdoms. This was maintained over several centuries, from the Aftasi period to the Almohad and Almoravid invasions, always being the protagonist in the permanent struggles with León, Castilla and Portugal. After the reconquest, it fulfilled its role as the key to the territory, in the constant clashes between the two peninsular kingdoms and especially in the course of the multiple wars of the War of Independence.
la alcazaba desde el pico
puerta del capitel
santa maria
mueso arqueológico
murallas

l

panoramica alcazaba
In the upper images, the contrast between the primitive appearance of the monument in its peak period and the appearance of the same place before the recovery works can be observed. Precisely for this reason and as the works are developed, photographs of the various recovered areas will be included, although some will be kept that reflect the state of the fortress before them.

alcazaba

link
link
link
link
alcazaba
alcazaba
alcazaba
alcazaba
alcazaba
alcazaba
alcazaba
alcazaba rehabilitada panoamica

The oldest known graphic document of the city of Badajoz dates from 1641, a historic moment in which the frontier is put on the warpath, by virtue of the clashes between the Castellana and Lusa crowns. In the aforementioned plan, it can be observed without a doubt, that at that time the fortification of medieval origin coincided to a large extent with the limits of the modern walls of Badajoz, that is to say with those of the fortification bastioned. But in this monument can be observed very clearly, the existence of large number of towers albarranas that among other points were raised in the vicinity of the bastions of San Juan, Santiago and San Jose. Consequently it is demonstrated that the last Muslim fortifications prior to the Reconquest, defended a population whose extension was similar to that of the city of 1641 and even the early twentieth century.

Therefore it is logical to think that between the first fortification built in the time of the Marwan and the plane discovered in Sweden, there were several fences that were raised as the city was growing. The first one would be the one built by the founder and the other at least from the Aftásí period (later reinforced by the Almohads) coinciding with the demarcation of the citadel that we know today. It is likewise foreseeable (although not demonstrable), the existence of another fence that from San Andrés covered the Field of San Juan and the Field of the Cross (present place of Kings Católicos). The well known alfar of the bastion of San Roque (discovered and disappeared), the necropolis of the bastion of Santiago (discovered and disappeared) and the gate of Yelves (absorbed by the bastion of San Vicente), attest to the limits of the Muslim population.
puerta de yelbes
recintos medievales
la cerca vieja

MONUMENTS