EVORA

City Patrimony of the Humanity

After the fingerprints of the numerous civilizations that shaped your history, when the kingdom luso spread towards the south, Évora way made for itself in increasingly forceful life of the Portuguese nation, managing to be one of your enclaves mas dynamic and flourishing.


The American adventure and the return of conquerors and adventurers, it favored your growth. Great number of house nobles and palaces, close to your founded University Cardinal Don Enrique, turn her into a wonderful museum presided by the styles Renaissance and manuelino.

Evora and the Lusitanian monarchies.

It was raised to the capital of the kingdom and during long periods, the Court fixed here your residence. The population lived through a long period of bloom, since after the nobility there settled down numerous religious orders, which founded great number of churches and convents.


During the reign of Avís's dynasty, they raised important monuments of architectural styles as diverse as Spanish Muslim living under Christian rule, Gothic manuelino, Renaissance or manierista. The nobility contributed with his presence to the enrichment of the monumental patrimony, since there constructed numerous palaces and house themselves nobles, whose owners competed between(among) yes in important labors of patronage.

Juan II, D. Manuel I y D. Juan III they led her to reaching your major brilliance, as far back as the 16th century, providing it with your prestigious University born of hands of Jesus' Company. The frequent fights with Castile, favored the strengthening of your fortifications, independently of the numerous fortresses that were intervening among the city and the border. The primitive Roman, Arabic constructions and cristinas they were reconstructed and adapting to the new times, assuring the defense them by means of several defensive belts and bastion fortification..


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Cathedral of Santa Maria.

Dedicated to Santa Maria, the cathedral was constructed on previous remains, in the same place where a former mosque of the epoch was located andalusí. It began in 1186, continuing the Romanesque guidelines, though it was reconstructed by posteriority in the 15th century, with Gothic medieval style. The got dark color of your pink granite, together with your stout and crenellated appearance, they award the own aspect of a fortress.

Your plant corresponds with a Latin cross of three ships. The main face is presided by two impressive quadrangular towers of unequal height, which flank the portico of broken arch, provided with archivolts sustained by representations of twelve apostles, of thin and elaborated height attributed to Telo García.

The cloister is of rectangular structure, with hollow series of arches opened towards the central court. It is decorated in your high part by rosettes of Arabic flavor. In his interior different burials can be admired beautiful elaborated from mármoles of Estremoz, who guard the remains of the bishops D. Pedro (who arranged the construction of her) and of D. Fernando Martins.

Throughout the time, the cathedral met progressively enriched with architectural proper contributions of every epoch. In the 14th century they were leaned on both sides of the principal portico, two impressive funeral tombs, by the remains of important illustrious of the city.

In D.'s Alfonso reign, there was arched one of the principal towers, revistiéndola externally of Sevillian blue rollers. Slightly later in your central ship, a beautiful and monumental Renaissance pulpit got up. The choir, the ashlar masonry and the organ that today can be admired, come from the 16th century.

Dozens of monumental churches and convents, they distribute for the intricate city, but a small chapel, belonging to the Church of San Francisco, in the monumental downtown, she differs from all other, in spite of your brilliance and magnificence. This particular corner that evokes the relations between the life and the death, was constructed by the will of three monks of the 17th century. It has scarcely 200 square meters, is dark and dark, causing to the visitor a strange sensation. Everythin g is produced by the coating chosen "to "adorn" your roofs, walls and columns. Used materials: skulls, tibias, fibulas, enclosed complete skeletons. It is a question of the " Chapel of the Bones ".

As consequence of the reign of Philip II, the court decides to move again to Lisbon and with it, the consequent retinue of nobles and clergymen that was searching in the royal protection, the continuation of privileges and servitudes. From then, Évora saw as the civil life he was losing little by little your strength, though ihe supported the political and administrative capital of your geographical zone, of which they continued of hanging numerous and important populations of the south center of Portugal.

 

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