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THE BASTIONED FORTIFICATION OF BADAJOZ

It dates back of ends of the 17th century the XVIIth. To those times the city had expanded out of the fort, descending radialmente towards the doors of Cars, Palms and of the Trinidad, occupying the Field of San Juan and forming an urban fabric that today remains in its entirety. In that epoch she was weak and incompletely protected, at the mercy of the situations that were deriving from an unstable border.

The work was realized largely on other previous fences, of which very scanty vestiges have stayed. Between the walls of the Fort and Menacho's current Memory there is too many distance in the time and between both points another intermediate fence should have existed undoubtedly.

The modern fortification of Badajoz (centuries XVII-XVIII) replaced to the so called " Old Fence ", for adapatar the old walls to the new technologies of defense and siege, marked by the action destroyer of the new artillery. It consists of eight pentagonal bastions and several semibastions joined by walls or rectilinear curtains of stone, refilled of pressed land. The set joined the ends north and south of the fort (his zones that give the Rivilllas and the Guadiana), it was defended from the exterior by a series of forts and revellines. These were those of St Kitts, Picuriña, Pardaleras, San Roque and that of the Head of the Bridge.

Almost all the curtains had a lens, species of wedge in most cases of masonry, which was safeguarding them of the direct shot of the artillery. The wall abaluartada has a geometric, perfectly calculated tracing, in such a way that the only steps between his elements, were beaten of impeccable and deadly form by the batteries and fusiliers of the different bastions. Door of Palms, Door Trinidad and Door Prop were, together with that of the Fort of the Head of the Bridge, the only accesses or exits that the square had, if there are exempted the posterns, small doors for which scarcely a person was fitting.

There was treating itself so about the most important strong square abaluartada, whose conquest they tried the most prestigious marshalls and personal details of the most important European armies.

 
panoramicas de la fortificación

Puerta de San Vicente

PRECEDENTS OF THE FORTIFICATION ABALUARTADA. THE OLD FENCE AND OTHER CONSTRUCTIONS.

Of the configuration and extension of the city of Badajoz during the period of the Arabic domination scarcely you have information that refer to very general aspects of the life of the city and of the warlike, administrative or cultural activities. The most ancient plane of the city was discovered by investigators badajocenses in the Military Museum of Stockholm. It is a question of an anonymous copy of 1641 in which with all luxury of details there can obervar the urban defensive plot and the line exterior that was protecting her. It is of the abundance of towers emphasizes albarranas, placed in the zones south and southwest, that they indicate that already at the end of the Moslem domination the exterior wall was coinciding to a great extent with the later fortification bastionnée.

The discovery realized under the bastion of Santiago announced an old Arabic necropolis that was indicating clearly that the limits of the city were coinciding with the last section of the current street Menacho, since in that època the burials were realized in the arrables of the city, in the suburbs and surroundings of the walls. In the same plane, they can be observed since the first defenses had already be realized " to the modern one ", consisting of this case, of a series of lubetas or you happen lunas that they were protecting to the former towers of the fire of the new artillery.

Equally, during the Portuguese asesio happened in the year 1600, the besiegers constructed a series of fortifications terreras to complete the fence of the city. Some of these enclaves still remain "printed" on the area and also others that the garrison of the city habí constructed with defensive ends.

fuierte de las mayas

FORT OF THE CERRO DE LAS MAYAS
DEFENSIVE LINE OF THE CUESTAS DE LA ORINAZA
FORT OF THE CUESTAS DE LA ORINAZA
badeajoz1641 detalle2+ç
badajoz 1641
badajoz1641 detalle1
In the details of the plane, the first bations defenses can be observed (or to the modern one) that were placing in the most vulnerable zones of the fortification. We can observe small revellines or lenses placed in front of the old towers albarranas and of some of the doors of the city.

pajaritos

kink

puierta de pelambres y plataforma de redondo

link

FORMER DOOR OF THE PAJARITOS
LENS OF THE DOOR OF THE PERFIDY OF THE PORTUGUESE SERGEANTS
TOWER DOOR OF THE PELAMBRES
BADAJOZ, FROM THE WATER-MILLS OF GUADIANA

baluartes

baluartes baluartes
baluartes
DOORS BASTIONS CURTAINS AND OTHER ELEMENTS

EXTERIOR FORTS

These two images, they show the difference between the bastion of San Jose (Barrack of the State police) at present and his original environment duarante the War of the Indepedencia, aspect that was kept practically equal up to the first third of the 20th century. One tries to express graphically the serious deterioration suffered by the fortification abaluartada on there having been occupied by the urban structure bastions, pits, glacis, etc.
batería sur
fuerte de la trinidad
poterna de san vicente
desde la cabeza del puente
luneta de san vicente

MONUMENTS

BADAJOZ

200 ANNIVERSARY SIEGES BADAJOZ
THE FORTIFICATIONS BASTIONED
ENTER