);

THE BASTIONED FORTIFICATION OF BADAJOZ

The modern fortification of the city of Badajoz dates from the late sixteenth century. At that time the city had expanded out of the citadel, descending radially in the direction of the gates of Carros, Palmas and de la Trinidad, occupying the Campo de San Juan and forming an urban fabric that today is preserved in its entirety. At that time she was weak and incompletely protected, at the mercy of situations that derived from an unstable border. The well-known as Near Old of Arab origin, was almost in ruins and by its characteristics it could not support a siege with modern artillery.

The modern fortification of Badajoz (XVII-XVIII centuries) replaced the so-called "Old fence", to adapt the old walls to the new techniques of defense and siege, marked by the destructive action of the new artillery. It consists of eight pentagonal bastions and several semi-bastions, joined by walls or rectilinear stone curtains, filled with pressed earth. The set united to the north and south ends of the alcazaba (its zones that give to the Rivilllas and the Guadiana), was defended from the outside by a series of forts and ravelins.

These were the ones of San Cristóbal, Picuriña, Pardaleras, San Roque and the one of the Head of the Bridge. Almost all the curtains had a lunette, kind of wedge in the majority of the cases of masonry, that safeguarded them of the direct shot of the artillery . The abaluartada wall has a geometrical layout, perfectly calculated, in such a way that the only steps between its elements were beaten impeccably and deadly by the batteries and riflemen of the different bastions. Puerta de Palmas, Puerta Trinidad and Puerta Pilar were, along with the Fort of the Head of the Bridge, the only accesses or exits that the square had, except for the postern doors, small doors that hardly fit a person. It was therefore a very important bastioned fortified square, whose conquest was attempted by the prestigious marshals and generals of the most important European armies.

 
panoramicas de la fortificación

Puerta de San Vicente

PRECEDENTS OF THE FORTIFICATION BASTIONED. THE OLD FENCE AND OTHER CONSTRUCTIONS.

Of the configuration and extension of the city of Badajoz during the Arab domination, there is scarcely any data that refers to very general aspects of the life of the city and of war, administrative or cultural activities. The oldest plane was discovered by Badajocan researchers at the Military Museum in Stockholm. It is an anonymous copy of 1641 in which with great detail you can see the urban fabric and the defensive line that protected it. It is worth highlighting the abundance of albarran towers, located in the south and southwest areas, which indicate that at the end of the Muslim domination the outer wall coincided to a great extent with the subsequent fortification bastioned. The excavations carried out in the bastion of Santiago revealed an old Arab necropolis that clearly indicated that the limits of the city coincided with the last section of the current street Menacho, since at that time the burials were made in arrables of the city , in the outskirts and near the walls.

In this same plane, you can see how the first "modern" defenses had already been made, consistent in this case, in a series of half moons that protected the ancient fire towers of modern artillery.

Similarly, during the Portuguese siege of 1600, the besiegers built a series of fortifications to complete the siege of the city. Some of these enclaves still remain "printed" on the ground.

fuierte de las mayas

FORT OF THE CERRO DE LAS MAYAS
DEFENSIVE LINE OF THE CUESTAS DE LA ORINAZA
FORT OF THE CUESTAS DE LA ORINAZA
badeajoz1641 detalle2+ç
badajoz 1641
badajoz1641 detalle1
In the details of the plan (left-right) you can see the first defenses bastioned (or modern) that were located in the most vulnerable areas of the fortification. We can observe small ravelins or lunettes located in front of the old albarrana towers and some of the city gates.

pajaritos

kink

puierta de pelambres y plataforma de redondo

link

FORMER DOOR OF THE PAJARITOS
LENS OF THE DOOR OF THE PERFIDY OF THE PORTUGUESE SERGEANTS
TOWER DOOR OF THE PELAMBRES
BADAJOZ, FROM THE WATER-MILLS OF GUADIANA

baluartes

baluartes baluartes
baluartes
DOORS BASTIONS CURTAINS AND OTHER ELEMENTS

EXTERIOR FORTS

These two images show the difference between the bastion of San José (Barracks of the National Police) currently and its original environment duarante the War of Independence, an aspect that remained virtually the same until the first third of the twentieth century. It is intended to express graphically the serious deterioration suffered by the bastioned fortification when occupied by the urban structure bastions, trenches, glacis, etc.
batería sur
fuerte de la trinidad
poterna de san vicente
desde la cabeza del puente
luneta de san vicente

MONUMENTS

BADAJOZ

200 ANNIVERSARY SIEGES BADAJOZ
THE FORTIFICATIONS BASTIONED
ENTER