THE BASTIONED FORTIFICATION OF BADAJOZ

The modern fortification of the city of Badajoz dates back to the late 17th century. By those times the city had expanded outside the alcazaba, descending radially in the direction of Carros, Palmas and Trinidad, occupying the Campo de San Juan and forming an urban fabric that today is preserved in its entirety. At that time the square was weak and incompletely protected, at the mercy of situations arising from an unstable border. The old fence of Arab origin, was almost in ruins and because of its characteristics could not withstand a siege with modern artillery. The city needed modern walls, adapted to the new siege and defense issues.

The modern fortification of Badajoz (17th-XVIII centuries) replaced the so-called "Near Vieja", to accommodate the old walls to the new techniques of defense and siege, marked by the destructive action of the new artillery. It consists of eight pentagonal bastions and several semi-baluartes, joined by walls or straight stone curtains, filled with pressed earth. The complex attached to the northern and southern ends of the alcazaba (its areas facing the Rivilllas and the Guadiana), was defended from the outside by a series of forts and revellines.

These were those of San Cristobal, Picuriña, Pardaleras, San Roque and the Head of the Bridge. Almost all curtains had a window, a species of wedge in most cases of masonry, which safeguarded them from direct artillery fire. The wall with a geometric layout, perfectly calculated, in such a way that the only steps between its elements were impeccably and deadly beaten by the batteries and riflemen of the different strongholds. Puerta de Palmas, Puerta Trinidad and Puerta Pilar were, along with the Fort of the Head of the Bridge, the only accesses or exits that the square had, if the poternas were excluded, small doors through which hardly a person could fit. It was therefore a very important stronghold, whose conquest was attempted by the prestigious marshals and generals of the most important European armies.

 
panoramicas de la fortificación

Puerta de San Vicente

PRECEDENTS OF THE FORTIFICATION BASTIONED. THE OLD FENCE AND OTHER CONSTRUCTIONS.

From the configuration and extension of the city of Badajoz during Arab domination you hardly have data that relates to very general aspects of city life and war, administrative or cultural activities. The oldest plan was discovered by Badajocense researchers at the Military Museum in Stockholm. It is an anonymous copy of 1641 in which in all the luxury of detail you can overtake the urban plot and the defensive line that protected it. It is worth noting the abundance of Albarranas towers, located in the southern and southwest areas, indicating that at the end of the Muslim domination the outer wall largely coincided with the subsequent abbaartal fortification. The excavations carried out in the bastion of Santiago unveiled an old Arab necropolis that clearly indicated that the city limits coincided with the last stretch of the current Street Menacho, since at that time the burials were carried out in the ingrainable swirlome of the city, on the outskirts and vicinity of the ramparts.

In this same plane, you can see how the first "modern" defenses, consisting in this case, had been made in a series of crescents that protected the ancient fire towers of modern artillery.

Similarly, during the Portuguese siege in 1600, the besiegers built a series of earthen fortifications to complete the siege of the city. Some of these enclaves still remain "printed" on the ground.

fuierte de las mayas

FORT OF THE CERRO DE LAS MAYAS
DEFENSIVE LINE OF THE CUESTAS DE LA ORINAZA
FORT OF THE CUESTAS DE LA ORINAZA
badeajoz1641 detalle2+ç
badajoz 1641
badajoz1641 detalle1
In the details of the plane (left-decha) you can see the first arabled (or modern) defenses that were located in the most vulnerable areas of the old medieval walls. We can see small revellines or lunettes located in front of the old Albarranas towers and some of the city gates.

pajaritos

kink

puierta de pelambres y plataforma de redondo

link

FORMER DOOR OF THE PAJARITOS
LENS OF THE DOOR OF THE PERFIDY OF THE PORTUGUESE SERGEANTS
TOWER DOOR OF THE PELAMBRES
BADAJOZ, FROM THE WATER-MILLS OF GUADIANA

baluartes

baluartes baluartes
baluartes
ACCESS THE ENCLAVES OF THE ABALUARTED FORTIFICATION OF BADAJOZ, INCLUDING IN THE LINKS LOCATED BELOW.
DOORS BASTIONS CURTAINS AND OTHER ELEMENTS

EXTERIOR FORTS

These two images show the difference between the bastion of San José (National Police Barracks) today and its original environment during the War of Indepension, an aspect that remained virtually the same until the first third of the twentieth century. It is intended to express graphically the serious deterioration suffered by the fortification allated by being occupied its structures (baluartes, pits, glacis, etc.) by new elements outside it.
batería sur
fuerte de la trinidad
poterna de san vicente
desde la cabeza del puente
luneta de san vicente

MONUMENTS

BADAJOZ

THE FORTIFICATIONS BASTIONED
ENTER