BADAJOZ AND THE SPANIARD INDEPENDENCE WAR

200 ANNIVERSARY

 

During the next two years it will be fulfilled the bicentenary of the sites or sieges that the city of Badajoz suffered during the War of the Independence between 1811 and 1812.

These sites were four, but the tactical control of Estremadura to allow a stable base for the inavsión of Portugal for Napoleon's troops, there originated in the surroundings of our city a series of warlike events, that desrrollaron in all his zone of influence.

Elvas, Olivenza, Valverde, Gévora, Field Maior, the Albuera, are some few of many places that suffered them endlessly horrors of the war, which sowed with ruin and destruction our fields and cities.

The first one of these sites began on March 11, 1811, when the Marshall Nicolas Soult put site to the city defended by the Marshall D. Rafael Menacho y Tutlló (Cadiz, on May 22, 1766 - Badajoz, on March 4, 1811) After his death of the Spanish governor for wound of a fragment of grapeshot, the general Imaz produced the square to Frenchman, that they remained in the city until April 12 of the following year, when Sir Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington, liberated the city supervised by an allied army composed by English troops yportuguesas. In this period, short but intense in military activities, the civil population was the propiciatory victim, the guest of stone, to a series of horrors that culminated with the massacre and i pillage of the city and of his inhabitants, on one hand the "liberating" troops.

 FIRST SIEGE 

 Of 26/1 to 10/3/1811 

Control of the strong square:

Marshall Rafael Menacho

On dead March 3, it is replaced by the General Imaz

Troops defenders: 7.000 h

+Ej. of Extremadura: 3.000 h

Control of the site:

General Mortier

Duque de Trevise

Attacking troops: 20.000 ¿?

PLAZA TOMADA POR FRANCIA

 SECOND SIEGE 

  Del 3/5 al 14/5/1812  

Control of the strong square:

General Armand Philippón

Garrison of the square: 9.000

Control of the site:

General Beresford

Attacking troops: 12.000 Portuguese

+ 2.000 Spanish

On May 14 the general Beresford raises the site and directs his troops The Albuera to present battle to the army of the Marshall Soult, I join english men, Portuguese and Spanish

 TERCER SITIO 

 Del 20/5 al 17/6 de 1811  

Control of the square:

General Armand Philippón

Troops defenders: 4.500

Control of the site:

General Beresford

Attacking troops: 32.000

Before the threat of a body of army of 63.000 who from Merida comes closer to Badajoz, the General Beresfor arranged the doubling of his army towards the south and Portugal.

THE SQUARE WAS NOT TAKEN

 CUARTO SITIO 

 Del 17/3 al 7/4 de 1812 

Control of the square:

General Armand Philippón

Troops defenders: 5.000

Control of the site:

Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington

Attacking troops: 25.000

Defending falls: 1.500 dead men and wounded

Attacking falls: 5.000 dead men and wounded

SQUARE THOUGHT BY THE ALLIES

BICENTENARY OF THE SIEGES OF BADAJOZ

HERE TO GO TO THE PROGRAMMED ACTS

actos2000aniversario

We do not know if the Town hall of Badajoz and the Meeting of Estremadura will have intention of being useful this bicentenary, to claim the paper of Badajoz in the War of the Independence (and in great others, since Spanish Sucesión and of Restoration of Portugal)

The cinema dedicated " The Sites of Saragossa " as the paradigm of the fight for our independence, and paradógicamente in France and the United Kingdom they have could value adequately the paper of our city for the above-mentioned contest. If our Council, if our eminent politicians were not overcoming his smallness of gun-sights in the matter, associations, blogeros and other elements pululantes for ineternet, We have to of joining for organi czar divulgative acts that prevent that these events (and his consequent values) go on to the oblivion, in to pass of the generations who precede us.

The recreation placed to the left side, in certain way is not original. Graphically there rests on a commemorative engraving Englishman, which more of one surely will know.

Without the participation of our imagination, not with these recreated images we would be capable of being sorry and valuing the events and contributions of Badajoz for the historical context of the War of the Independence. It is extraordinarily showy, to see how in the United Kingdom, there is had a historical fresh and rich memory, which keeps all these exploits and the places alive where they were led. It supports alive made they, and what is mas important, the prominent figures.

A memory exists revencial, that maybe differs general what one feels in Badajoz, in cultural aspects, national values and one forms of feeling the history as something personal, which formed a part of our lives, or what is the same of our forbears.

It would be sad that dese the British Isles were coming to recall onomastic these, before the nonchalance and the pasotismos of that at least genracionalmente were protagonists.

The War of the Independence not a little so distant, lost between the sheets of old books of history. Juliana, my mother, deceased a few months ago to 94 years of age, listened to his father a history that in turn his grandfather told him. A woman of the family was strolling for the fields of the Albuera, loaded with a species of serón I fill completely of breads. Suddenly a French patrol intercepted it and threatening her with his muskets and bayonets, they forced him to empty his goods and to go out to any local rag. It is an alive history transmitted from voice to voice, to the present day.

The Sites of Badajoz, they are there, years behind. Though we have loaded Ours Pardaleras and the Picuriña. Though one day we decide to demolish the bastion of San Juan. Though the fortification abaluartada and his stones use as advertising support before the consent and abandon of the Town hall.

Will they come of to say to us out how the things are done?.. So possibly, if. Already we will see.

There will be necessary to demand to our Council a concrete plan to remember these events. And to ask for the civil participation in order that cultural associations, specialists, holders of blogs and webs, etc, could contribute the great volume of information that they possess and that undoubtedly, it will be fundamental at the moment of programming the necessary activities and editing, publicizing it, all the existing information.

asedio a la ciudad de Badajoz

TO KNOW MORE ...: A FEW INTERESTING BOOKS

It is not a question of a simple statement of the sites of Badajoz, Olivenza and Campomayor during the War of the Independence, treats itself about a statement detailed of the operations and actions that the different armies (Spanish, Englishman and Frenchman) realized concerning the strong square of Badajoz.

Really it is a question of a translation realized by D. Enrique Segura, of the rehigh places and annotations that the military French engineer Colonel Lamare, did of estops events, since resposable of the engineers' weapon, firstly as assistant of Cazin and after the death of this one in the Hill of the Wind, as Chief with the degree of colonel or general. Sites and detailed battles of form detailed.

Work of Ian Flecher, historian Englishman of great prestige, which for order of the publishing house 4 Cats, realized a version in Castilian of the siege and capture of Badajoz by the troops allied in 1812.

Interesting work where the author noveliza the development of the War of the Independence in Estremadura and very pormenorizadamente in Badajoz. One can do an idea to him very approximately of the moment political and of to pass of the events.

  www.1808-1814.org         www.peninsularwar.es        www.peninsularwar.es             w.napoleonguide.com/campaign_peninwar.htm       www.britannica.com/eb/article-9059071/Peninsular-War

http://www.aytobadajoz.es/es/ayto/especiales/especial/1278/bicentenario-de-la-guerra-de-la-independencia/ http://badajoz1812.blogspot.com/

  Antonio García Candelas        Suggestions and impressions

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