STORMINGS AND GREAT BATTLES OF BADAJOZ

The strategic position of Badajoz, has caused frequent armed clashes, related to the possession of the square or with in the control of the zone, to assure the supply and step of the different armies who were operating on Spain and Portugal. Impressive battles during the Christian reconquest, when the peninsula was dividing between North and South.

Terrible clashes in the Wars of Restoration of Portugal and of Succession of Spain. And later, during the French invasions that gave place to the War of the Independence (peninsular wars, according to some authors), period the latter where the strong square of Badajoz four hard and bloody sieges.

BATTLE OF ZALACA

October 23, 1086

Christian Commandand: Alfonso VI de Castilla

Trops christians: 30.000

Command Muslim: Yusuf ibn Tasfin

Arabs trops: 45.000

Duration of the battle: 1 day

Resultat:

Christians killed: 6.000

Muslims killed: 4.500

Victory:ALMORAVIDES

 

BATTLE OF MONTIJO

May 26, 1644

Command castellano: Marquess of Torrescusa

Castellana Troops: 8,500

Command Portuguese: Mathias of Alburquerque

Troops Portuguese: 9,000

Duration of the battle: 3 days

Result:

Castellanos killed: no data

Portuguese dead: no data

Victory: 1 Stage Montijo: PORTUGUESES

Victory: 2º Stage Castilians

BATTLE OF THE LINHAS DE ELVAS

January 14, 1659

 Command Spanish: Luis de Haro,

 

Spanish Troops: 16,000

 

Command Portuguese:

io Luís of Meneses

D. António Luís de Meneses

Troops Portuguese: 11,000

 

Duration of the battle: 1 day.

 

Result:

 

Castellanos killed: 5,000 - 6,000

 

Portuguese killed: Wounded

 

Victory: PORTUGAL

 

MANUEL DE GODOY

 

SPANIARD INDEPENDENCE WAR. PENINSULAR WARS

BATTLE OF THE ALBUERA

May 16, 1811

Command Allied: Marshal Beresford.

 

Troops anglo-luso-españolas: 30,000

 

Command French: Marshal Soult

 

French Troops: 25,000

 

Duration of the battle: 4 to 5 hours

 

Allies killed: 6,000 or 7,000

 

French killed: 6,500

 

           

BATTLE OF GÉVORA

February 9, 1811

Command Spanish: General Mendizábal

 

Spanish Troops: 6,000

Command French: Marshal Soult

 

French Troops: 9,000

 

Duration of the battle: 2-3 hours

 

Spaniards killed: 900 prisoners 3,500

 

French killed: 400

 

Victory: FRANCE

        TO GO: 200 ANIVERSARY OF THE SIEGES OF BADAJOZ

 FIRST SIEGE 

 Of 26/1 to 10/3/1811 

Control of the square:

Marshall Rafael Menacho

On dead March 3, the General Imaz is replaced poe

Troops defenders: 7.000 h

+ Ej. of Estremadura: 3.000 h

Control of the site:

General Mortier, Duke of Trevise

Attacking troops: 20.000 ¿?

SQUARE THOUGHT BY FRANCE

 SEGUNDO SITIO 

  Del 3/5 al 14/5/1812  

Mando de la plaza:

General Armand Philippón

Guarnición de la plaza: 9.000

Mando del sitio:

General Beresford

Tropas atacantes: 12.000 portugueses

+ 2.000 españoles

El 14 de Mayo el general Beresford levanta el sitio y dirige sus tropas a La Albuera para presentar batalla al ejercito del Mariscal Soult, junto ingleses, portugueses y españoles.

 TERCER SITIO 

 Del 20/5 al 17/6 de 1811  

Mando de la plaza:

General Armand Philippón

 Tropas defensoras: 4.500

 

Mando del sitio: General Beresford

Tropas atacantes: 32.000

Ante la amenaza de un cuerpode ejército de 63.000 que desde Mérida se aproxima a Badajoz, el General Beresfor ordenó el repliegue de su ejército hacia el sur y Portugal.     

LA PLAZA NO FUÉ TOMADA

 CUARTO SITIO 

 Del 17/3 al 7/4 de 1812 

Mando de la plaza: 

General Armand Philippón

Tropas defensoras: 5.000

Mando del sitio:

Arthur Wellesley, Duque de Wellington

Tropas atacantes: 25.000

Bajas defensores: 1.500 muertos y heridos

Bajas Atacantes: 5.000 muertos y heridos

PLAZA TOMADA POR LOS ALIADOS

BATTLE OF BADAJOZ (14 Agosto de 1936)

After the coup d'état of general Franco July 18, 1936, the body of army of the Lieutenant colonel Yagüe, the eacenso initiated with rapidity from Seville towards of Madrid, altering your way to attack the city of Badajoz, which garrison remained loyal to his mandates cosntitucionales. From land the population bombarded insistently, possessing also an air support. After the capture of the city, a brutal repression came, with jucios sumarísmos that took the pain and the death to thousands of badajocenses.
(*) The figures of the time varied greatly according to the historical sources, which used falsearlas to emphasize or minimize the effects of strife

HISTORY

BADAJOZ

TO VISIT CYTIES OF EXTREMADURA AND ALENTEJO